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What's Permanent Crop?

Permanent crops like fruit orchards provide a number of benefits to both farmers and the environment. These crops are typically perennial, meaning they grow back year after year, as opposed to annual crops like wheat or corn. This allows farmers to cultivate the same piece of land for many years, which can lead to a number of positive outcomes.

First and foremost, permanent crops provide a stable source of income for farmers. Unlike annual crops that need to be replanted every year, fruit trees and other perennials can produce a harvest for many years with proper care and maintenance. This stability can help farmers better plan for the future and manage their finances.

Another benefit of permanent crops is that they help promote biodiversity. Fruit trees and other perennials provide habitat for a wide range of animals, including birds, insects, and small mammals. This can help increase the overall health of the ecosystem and promote natural pest control. Additionally, permanent crops can help reduce soil erosion and improve soil health over time.

One farmer who has seen success with permanent crops is Dave Wilson of Dave Wilson Nursery in California. Wilson has been growing fruit trees for over 70 years and has seen firsthand the benefits of these crops. He notes, "Permanent crops like fruit trees provide a steady income stream and promote biodiversity on the farm. They also require less water than annual crops, which can be a big advantage in drought-prone areas like California."

Indeed, permanent crops like fruit trees are often better adapted to dry conditions than annual crops. Because they have deeper roots and larger canopies, they are able to capture and retain more water than crops like corn or soybeans. This makes them an ideal choice for farmers in arid regions looking to conserve water.

The USDA also offers support for farmers looking to establish permanent crops on their land. The agency's Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) provides financial assistance and technical support for farmers looking to establish orchards, vineyards, and other perennials. These resources can help farmers get started with permanent crops and manage them effectively over time.

In summary, permanent crops like fruit orchards provide a number of benefits to farmers and the environment. They provide a stable source of income, promote biodiversity, and are well-suited to drought-prone areas. Farmers like Dave Wilson have seen success with these crops, and with the support of organizations like the NRCS, more farmers can take advantage of the benefits of permanent crops.


  • USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service:

  • Dave Wilson Nursery:

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